Technical

Variants

Variant name

Reference

Standard

P006984

With remote ID

P006146

With ADS-B

P006147

General description

Veronte Autopilot 4x is a triple redundant version of Veronte Autopilot 1x. It includes three complete Autopilot 1x modules fully integrated with dissimilar arbiters for detecting system failures and selecting the module in charge of the control. The autopilot selected has the master controls actuators and communications. The following diagrams summarize the connections between autopilots and the elements of the flight control system.

../_images/controldiagrams.png

Internal diagrams

Important

Apart from CAN buses, all communications are established only with arbiter A (I2C, RS-232, RS-485 and ARINC).

Each Veronte Autopilot 4x contains all the electronics and sensors to properly execute all the functions needed to control the UAV. Autopilot 4x executes in real time guidance, navigation and control algorithms for the carrying airframe. It controls propulsion systems and signals processing from different sensors: accelerometers, gyroscopes, magnetometer, static pressure, dynamic pressure, GNSS and externals.

Additional I/O ports are available for connection of an external control system in case it is required (for example another Autopilot 1x). In case of using an additional control system, it will be included in the redundant scheme. Veronte systems provide the system full dissimilarity for high demanding environments, as required by civil aviation authorities.

Datalink communications can be also redundant, being possible to install inside the autopilot 3 radios with different frequencies. For example, it allows to have two radios working in the 900 MHz frequency and one in 2.4 GHz, so in case there is any issue in the 900 MHz bandwidth the module connected to the 2.4 GHz bandwith will take the control. In addition, an external radio can be controlled as a critical device using the serial port in the redundant connector.

Veronte Autopilot 4x also includes two separate flight termination voting logics, completely dissimilar and implemented with simple hardware, with the purpose of giving the internal three Veronte Autopilots 1x a way to decide by consensus if a flight termination signal should be activated or not. This flight termination signal is employed to activate emergency systems, such as parachutes.

All three modules are managed by a Management Board; it includes voting algorithms to manage the module in charge of vehicle control. This device compares data from all modules in real time and processes it for discarding any autopilot module with undesired performance.

The arbitration algorithm in Veronte Autopilot 4x is based on a scoring system. Each autopilot must send continuously a set of arbitration variables to the arbiters in order to calculate the score for each unit. Then, based on scores and current arbitration mode, the 4x will use the autopilot with the lowest score.

../_images/arbitrating.png

Arbitration diagram

Mechanical and Electrical specifications

All sensors are located inside the Autopilots 1x. To know their specifications read the Sensor Specifications - Technical section of the 1x Hardware Manual.

Variable

Value

Weight

750 g

Temperature range

-40 ºC to 65 ºC

Protection Rating

IP67

Power input voltage

6.5 to 36 V

Power consumption

Up to 15 W

Maximum acceleration

32 g

Dimensions

Aircraf Mounting - Veronte dimensions

Veronte Autopilot 4x dimensions (mm)

M3 screws are recommended for mounting. In saline environments such as coastal and oceanic, the screw material should be stainless steel.

Interfaces

Connector layout

The three inner Autopilots 1x are connected to the MAIN Connector and the Management Board is connected to Connector 4. In case of using an external autopilot, it must be plugged to the Connector 4 according to the Pinout - Hardware Installation section of this manual.

Each inner Autopilot 1x has asigned a connector block with its respective number. All blocks have the same connectors with the same functions.

Aircraf Mounting - 4xVeronte Connectors

Veronte Autopilot 4x connectors

  • M2M. SSMA connector for machine to machine communication.

  • GNSS1. SSMA connector for global navigation satellite system 1.

  • GNSS2. SSMA connector for global navigation satellite system 2.

  • DAA. SSMA connector for ADS-B or remote ID.

    Warning

    When using ADS-B or remote ID, there must be an adequate antenna or load connected to the DAA SSMA.

  • LOS. SSMA connector for line of sight communications.

  • PITOT. Dynamic pressure port.

  • STATIC. Static pressure port for HSC pressure sensor.

  • INT Inlet. Static pressure port for MS56 and DPS310 pressure sensors. This port is common for all internal autopilots.

For the air pressure ports, mating with clamped 2mm internal diameter flexible tube is recommended.

Each autopilot employs both static pressure ports for sensor redundancy, then Y tubing connection is strongly recommended.

Mating connectors

SSMA CONNECTORS

Abbreviation

Autopilot 4x connector

Mating connector

GNSS

SSMA female for GNSS antenna

SSMA male Plug, low-loss cable is recommended. Active Antenna GNSS: Gain min 15 dB (to compensate signal loss in RF Cable) max 50 dB, maximum noise figure 1.5 dB, power supply 3.3 V max current 20 mA

DAA

SSMA female for ADS-B or remote ID

SSMA male Plug, low-loss cable is recommended

M2M

SSMA female for M2M antenna

LOS

SSMA female for RF antenna

HARNESS CONNECTORS

Autopilot 4x connector

Compatible harness (Embention reference)

Main Connector

HIL Simulation Cable (P007739)

Veronte Harness for Autopilot 4x Programming (P007695)

Autopilot 4x connector

Commercial reference

Main Connector

HEW.LM.368.XLNP

Connector 4

HER.LM.368.XLNP